The history of royal marriages, particularly those involving kings, spans many centuries and is influence by various factors such as politics, diplomacy, alliances, and personal relationships. Royal marriages were often strategic decisions made to strengthen alliances, expand territories, or secure peace between kingdoms.
1. Like a marriage of Yuvraj of Bhavnagar
Colonel Maharaja Raol Sir Shri Krishna Kumarsinhji Bhavsinhji KCSI (19 May 1912 – 2 April 1965) was an Indian king and politician, the last ruling Maharaja of the Gohil dynasty, who rule Bhavnagar State from 1919 to 1948 and also served as the first Indian Governor of Madras from 1948 to 1952. After the handover of the rule of the Bhavnagar State as part of the Indian Union, Bhavnagar became the first state which joins the Indian Union.
Krishna Kumarsinhji Bhavsinhji was born in Bhavnagar on 19 May 1912, the eldest son and heir of Maharaja Bhavsinhji II of Bhavnagar (1875–1919, r. 1896–1919). Kumarsinhji succeeded his father upon his death in 1919; only seven years old, he ascended the Bhavnagar throne under a regency until 1931. He was educate at Rajkumar College, Rajkot like his father and grandfather, who was the first student in 1870.
Kumarsinhji continues the progressive reforms of his father and grandfather, reforming the method of tax collection in his state, introducing village councils, and Bhavnagar’s first legislature, the Dharasabha. Owing to his progressive reign, Kumarsinhji was knight with the KCSI in 1938; however, he remained quietly commit to the cause of Indian independence. Therefore, upon Independence in 1947, Kumarsinhji became among the first of the Indian monarchs to accede to the Dominion of India 1947. He merged Bhavnagar into the state of Kathiawad in 1948.
Maharaja Shri Bhavsinhji Polytechnic Institute was establish by him in commemoration of his father Late Sir Bhavsinhji II in 1932, which commenced functioning in 1949.
2. Mewar king’s marriage
The Kingdom of Mewar, also known as the Kingdom of Udaipur, is one of the oldest and most prominent Rajput dynasties in India. The kings of Mewar have a rich and storied history of valor, chivalry, and political prowess. Therefore, I cannot provide specific details about the marriage of the current or future king of Mewar.
Historically, the kingdom of Mewar has seen many kings who play significant roles in shaping the region’s history. The most famous and revered among them is Maharana Pratap, who ruled from 1572 to 1597. Maharana Pratap’s marriage is not widely document, but it is known that he had several wives, including Maharani Ajabde Punwar.
Another notable king of Mewar was Maharana Udai Singh II, who ruled from 1522 to 1572. He is known for establishing Udaipur as the new capital of Mewar and for being the father of Maharana Pratap. Maharana Udai Singh II’s marriage to Maharani Jaiwanta Bai Rathore is well-document. She was a princess from the Rathore clan of Marwar (Jodhpur), and their marriage solidify the alliance between the two powerful Rajput clans.
Throughout its history, the kingdom of Mewar maintain matrimonial alliances with other Rajput kingdoms and occasionally with powerful Mughal emperors. These marriages were often strategic alliances, aiming to forge military, political, and economic ties.
Maharana Pratap was born to Udai Singh II of Mewar and Jaiwanta Bai in 1540, the year in which Udai Singh ascended to the throne after defeating Vanvir Singh. His younger brothers were Shakti Singh, Vikram Singh, and Jagmal Singh. Pratap also had 2 stepsisters: Chand Kanwar and Man Kanwar.
He was married to Maharani Ajabde Punwar of Bijolia Amar Singh I. He belonged to the Royal Family of Mewar. After the death of Udai Singh in 1572, Rani Dheer Bai wanted her son Jagmal to succeed him but senior courtiers preferred Pratap, as the eldest son, to be their king.
The desire of the nobles prevailed and Pratap ascended the throne as Maharana Pratap, the 54th ruler of Mewar in the line of the Sisodia Rajputs. Jagmal swore revenge and left for Ajmer, to join the armies of Akbar, and obtained the town of Jahazpur as a Jagir as a gift in return for his help.
3. Marriage of the king of Akbar
Abu’l-Fath Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar (15 October 1542[a] – 27 October 1605), popularly known as Akbar the Great (Persian pronunciation: [akbarɪ azam]), and also as Akbar I (Persian pronunciation: [akbar]), was the third Mughal emperor, who reigned from 1556 to 1605. Akbar succeeded his father, Humayun, under a regent, Bairam Khan, who helped the young emperor expand and consolidate Mughal domains in India.
A strong personality and a successful general, Akbar gradually enlarged the Mughal Empire to include much of the Indian subcontinent. His power and influence, however, extended over the entire subcontinent because of Mughal military, political, cultural, and economic dominance.
To unify the vast Mughal state, Akbar established a centraliz system of administration throughout his empire and adopted a policy of conciliating conquered rulers through marriage and diplomacy. To preserve peace and order in a religiously and culturally diverse empire, he adopted policies that won him the support of his non-Muslim subjects.
Eschewing tribal bonds and Islamic state identity, Akbar strove to unite far-flung lands of his realm through loyalty, expressed through an Indo-Persian culture, to himself as an emperor.
Mughal India developed a strong and stable economy, leading to commercial expansion and greater patronage of culture. Akbar himself was a patron of art and culture. He was fond of literature and created a library of over 24,000 volumes written in Sanskrit, Urdu, Persian, Greek, Latin, Arabic, and Kashmiri, staffed by many scholars, translators, artists, calligraphers, scribes, bookbinders, and readers. He did much of the cataloging himself.
Akbar also established the library of Fatehpur Sikri exclusively for women, and he decreed the establishment of schools for the education of both Muslims and Hindus throughout the realm. He also encouraged bookbinding to become a high art. Holy men of many faiths, poets, architects, and artisans from all over the world adorned his court.
Akbar’s courts at Delhi, Agra, and Fatehpur Sikri became centers of the arts, letters, and learning. Timurid and Perso-Islamic cultures began to merge and blend with indigenous Indian elements, and a distinct Indo-Persian culture emerged characterized by Mughal style arts, painting, and architecture.
Akbar’s reign significantly influenced the course of Indian history. During his rule, the Mughal Empire tripled in size and wealth. He created a powerful military system and instituted effective political and social reforms.
Thus, the foundations for a multicultural empire under Mughal rule were laid during his reign. Akbar was succeed as emperor by his son, Prince Salim, later known as Jahangir.
Royal intermarriage is the practice of members of ruling dynasties marrying into other reigning families. It was more commonly done in the past as part of strategic diplomacy for the national interest. Although sometimes enforced by legal requirements on persons of royal birth, more often it has been a matter of political policy or tradition in monarchies.